CAO Cases

Arne Hoel, The World Bank

Sub-Saharan Africa

Cameroon / Chad-Cameroon Pipeline-02/Cameroon

CARFAD, CED, FOCARFE & RELUFA (Confidential - on behalf of affected communities)
Date Filed
May 16, 2011
Compensation, loss of livelihoods, waste management, community health & safety, and impacts to Indigenous communities.
Case Status
Open - Ombudsman




The Chad-Cameroon Petroleum Development and Pipeline Project involved the construction of a 1070 km pipeline to transport crude oil from three fields in southwestern Chad to a floating facility 11 km off the Cameroon coast.  The International Finance Corporation’s investment consisted of a $100 million loan for its own account and a $100 million loan syndicated to over 15 commercial banks. 

In May 2011, four Cameroonian organizations, filed a complaint with the CAO on behalf of several local community members who believe they have been affected by the project.  The complaint voices concerns about the rise in HIV/AIDS after the laying of the pipeline, inadequate compensation packages, loss of livelihoods among fishermen, inappropriate waste management, work-related accidents and compensation, and the displacement of and improper compensation to an indigenous community, among others.  The complainants and those they have the authority to represent are located on the Cameroonian side of the project, and their concerns relate to the Cameroonian Sponsor of the project, the Cameroon Oil Transportation Company – COTCO.



CAO Action


CAO found the complaint eligible for further assessment in June 2011. An assessment of the complaint was completed in January 2012 and the relevant stakeholders agreed to seek resolution using a dispute resolution approach.  Between 2012 and 2017, CAO has been involved in facilitating dialogue between complainants and the Cameroon Oil Transportation Company (COTCO), the pipeline project operator, focusing first on four individual complaints, and then on three community complaints.  Capacity building sessions have been conducted to strengthen the tripartite platform, as well as to benefit representatives of the fishermen group, the Bagyeli indigenous people, and the Ebaka community.

By 2014, agreements had been negotiated and fully implemented in the four individual cases contained in the complaint. In 2016 and 2017, agreements were reached in the three community based cases, and CAO has since then been monitoring the implementation of these agreements. The parties are currently addressing the implementation of a few outstanding issues and engaging with each other with limited or no CAO assistance, and CAO is preparing to conclude its involvement and close the case. 


A detailed account of the process led to address these concerns is presented in CAO’s Progress Report under documents below.





CAO is monitoring implementation of the agreements reached and is preparing for case closure.




Status as of May 17, 2019

Project information

Project Name & Number
Chad-Cameroon Pipeline 11124
Oil, Gas, Mining, & Chemicals
Cameroon Oil Transportation Company - COTCO
Oil and Gas
Sub-Saharan Africa
Environmental Category
$100 million A loan and $100 million B loan

Case Tracker


  • Eligible: Completed
  • Assessment Period: Completed
  • Facilitating Settlement: Completed
  • Monitoring/Close-out: In Process