CAO Advisory Publications
CAO Grievance Mechanism Toolkit, July 2016
CAO Advisory has published a new toolkit for project level grievance mechanisms. This toolkit has been developed in the context of CAO’s mandate to improve the environmental and social performance of IFC and MIGA projects. Its focus is on small and medium-sized companies in non-extractive sectors, who often face a lack of hands on tools for consulting on, designing, and managing project level grievance mechanisms. We hope this toolkit will also be helpful to practitioners in the field, and encourage your feedback through the survey mechanism embedded in the toolkit.
Grievance Mechanism Toolkit, 2016
Advisory Series Lessons from CAO Cases: LAND, August 2015
Land related issues are raised in over 52% of CAO cases. With the World Bank Group’s growing work in agribusiness in conflict and fragile countries, lessons from CAO cases provide an opportunity to reflect on some of the challenges of land intensive investment.
This paper is the first in a series of papers on critical issues raised through CAO cases. It focuses on the topic of land and highlights some of the challenges related to land in CAO cases, and outlines some of the tools that CAO has used over the years that have assisted communities and companies in overcoming these challenges.
CAO Advisory Land Paper, 2015
CAO Dispute Resolution Publications
Building Hope and Health Through Dialogue: A Story of Company-Community Dispute Resolution in Nicaragua
This is the story of how a dispute-resolution process convened by CAO resulted in a company and community working together to solve their issues. It is also the story of what seemed at first to be a dispute between a specific company and former workers, soon proved to be a local manifestation of a much larger public health issue.
In March 2008, 673 residents of communities in Nicaragua filed a complaint with CAO—with the assistance of the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), an international nongovernmental organization (NGO) based in Washington DC—against their former employer the San Antonio Sugar Mill. The complainants were former sugar cane workers who were suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) of unknown origins. In their opinion this was related to their labor conditions and work as sugar cane cutters. Here is what happened when the two parties decided to engage in the CAO-convened dialogue.
Creando Esperanza y Salud a Través del Diálogo: Una historia de resolución de conflictos empresa-comunidad en Nicaragua
Esta es la historia de cómo un proceso de resolución de conflictos convocado por la CAO llevó a que una empresa y una comunidad trabajaran juntas para resolver sus problemas. También es la historia de cómo algo que al inicio aparentaba ser una disputa entre una empresa específica y sus ex trabajadores, pronto demostró ser una manifestación local de un problema de salud pública mucho más grande.
En marzo del 2008, 673 pobladores de comunidades en Nicaragua presentaron una reclamación ante la CAO – con asistencia del Centro para el Derecho Ambiental Internacional (CIEL), una organización no gubernamental internacional con sede en Washington, DC. – en contra de su antiguo empleador, el Ingenio San Antonio. Los reclamantes eran ex trabajadores de caña de azúcar que estaban padeciendo de enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) de origen desconocido. En su opinión, esta estaba relacionada con las condiciones laborales y su trabajo como cortadores de caña de azúcar. Esto es lo que pasó cuando dos partes decidieron participar en el diálogo convocado por la CAO.
A Journey Toward Solutions: A Story of Community-Company Dispute Resolution in Uganda
The publication documents CAO's dispute resolution work in Uganda to address two complaints from local communities evicted for commercial forestry plantations. Following agreements with the company, the CAO process resulted in land tenure for the communities, who are today resettling households and developing agriculture and livelihood projects.
CAO’s latest newsletter provides an update on progress that’s been made through a dispute resolution process in Indonesia, CAO’s facilitation of private sector-community dialogue in Albania, CAO’s release of two Compliance investigations, and outreach in Ukraine and Colombia, amongst other updates.
CAO’s latest newsletter provides an update on progress that's been made through CAO dispute resolution processes in Chad and Cameroon, CAO's compliance investigation of IFC investments in a Colombian mining project, the release of CAO's 2016 Annual Report, and recent Advisory activities, amongst other updates.
CAO’s latest newsletter provides an update on CAO’s compliance investigation of IFC’s investments in a palm oil refinery in Ukraine, CAO’s publication of its interactive Grievance Mechanism Toolkit, progress that’s been made through a dispute resolution process in Albania and recent CAO mediator workshops, amongst other updates.
CAO’s latest newsletter provides an update on CAO’s joint fact finding process in Mongolia, the efforts of parties beyond CAO’s dialogue process in Nicaragua, new knowledge-sharing initiatives developed by the Advisory team, and the release of CAO’s first monitoring report related to the IFC investment in Banco Ficohsa, Honduras, amongst other updates.
CAO's latest newsletter provides an update on CAO’s dispute resolution work in Cambodia, the release of CAO’s compliance investigation related to IFC's India Infrastructure Fund project, and CAO outreach in Peru and Myanmar, amongst other updates.
CAO’s newsletter contains updates on case developments and CAO’s recent activities. This October 2015 issue shares valuable experiences from CAO’s Dispute Resolution interventions in Nicaragua and Cambodia, highlights new Compliance investigations and advisory activities, and captures the outcomes of regional outreach workshops, among other updates
CAO Annual Reports
CAO Annual Report 2016: Solutions + Accountability +Learning
A Focus on Impacted Communities—In Cambodia, a company in dialogue with local communities agrees to halt land clearance around rubber plantations. In Indonesia and India, CAO publishes compliance reports in relation to the environmental and social impacts of IFC investments. For a full report on CAO's activities in FY2016, click the below link. A summary of the report is also available below in both English and Spanish. The full Spanish report is forthcoming.
CAO Annual Report 2015
CAO’s FY15 Annual Report includes a full update on CAO’s activities over this past fiscal year and includes reflections on trends from 15 years of CAO cases. This fiscal year CAO has continued to see growth in the volume and complexity of its cases and anticipates this being a consistent trend. Looking forward, CAO’s efforts remain focused on its effectiveness in making a difference for local communities, and contributing to better projects and better development outcomes by IFC and MIGA.
CAO at a Glance: Fiscal Year 2014
This is a one page summary of CAO cases handled in FY2014.
CAO Annual Report 2014
The FY14 Annual Report reflects on the continued growth in CAO’s work and provides an overview of notable outcomes delivered in FY14 including efforts made to strengthen the dispute resolution capacity in the various regions in which CAO is present. Furthermore, the report showcases CAO’s compliance work and the continuous provision of robust oversight of IFC’s environmental and social performance.
CAO Annual Report 2013
In 2013 CAO continued to see a steady increase in the number of complaints received, with a 30 percent increase in the cases handled in the last twelve months alone. CAO's Annual Report 2013 speaks to the office's solid body of work, providing a full summary of outcomes delivered through CAO’s Dispute Resolution and Compliance functions, as well as updates of CAO’s Advisory work, monitoring and evaluation, and outreach activities.
CAO Annual Report 2012
CAO's 2012 Annual Report provides an overview of CAO's work in the busiest year for the office since it was established in 1999. CAO has seen a consistent increase in requests for its services, and handled 33 cases during the year through its dispute resolution and compliance functions. This year's report focuses on outcomes delivered by CAO in FY2012, in addition to a summary of outreach activities, M&E findings, and advisory work.
CAO Annual Report 2011
CAO's 2011 Annual Report introduces the second decade of CAO's operations. It was a busy year for the office, with a surge in the number of complaints filed and requests for the CAO’s dispute resolution services and compliance work on the increase. In addition to case updates, the report highlights CAO's outreach activities and systems in place to track CAO outcomes.
CAO at 10: Review of CAO's Work, 2000-2010
This report captures 10 years of the CAO’s work as the independent recourse mechanism for people affected by IFC/MIGA projects, and the mechanism which holds IFC/MIGA accountable for their social and environmental performance. In addition to lessons learned from CAO's dispute resolution and compliance work, the report analyzes data gleaned from complaints received over 10 years to reveal the types of social and environmental issues that give rise to conflict.
CAO Annual Report 2006
CAO Annual Report 2004
CAO Annual Report 2003
CAO Annual Report 2002
CAO Annual Report 2001
CAO Monographs: Building Consensus - History and Lessons from the Mesa de Dialogo y Consenso CAO-Cajamarca, Peru
The Mesa de Diálogo y Consenso CAO-Cajamarca was convened to address and resolve conflicts between Yanacocha, the largest gold mine in Peru, and the surrounding communities affected by its operations. The Mesa sought consensus-based solutions under a framework of good faith, cooperation, and tolerance. This series of monographs documents CAO's experience through the Mesa, and the history and lessons learned through the process.
Outcomes of the CAO Dialogue Process in Nicaragua
In 2012, CAO commissioned a series of films to document the outcomes of a four-year dialogue process between Nicaragua Sugar Estates Limited (NSEL), and ASOCHIVIDA, an association of 2,000 former sugarcane workers and their families affected by Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) in Chichigalpa, Nicaragua.
Synopsis of the Films
Research on Chronic Kidney Disease by Boston University, Nicaragua
Food Aid for ASOCHIVIDA Members, Nicaragua
Microfinance Project: Bakery
Microfinance Project: Community Hardware Store
Microfinance Project: Small Store